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Explained: Artificial Intelligence (AI)

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Khushbu Raval
Khushbu Raval
Khushbu is a Senior Correspondent and a content strategist with a special foray into DataTech and MarTech. She has been a keen researcher in the tech domain and is responsible for strategizing the social media scripts to optimize the collateral creation process.

Unravel the mystery of Artificial Intelligence (AI)! This comprehensive guide explores the fundamentals of AI, its applications, ethical considerations, and the future of AGI.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the intelligence exhibited by machines or software, in contrast to the intelligence displayed by humans and animals. Established as an academic field within computer science in 1956, AI has been a significant driver of research and technological innovation for decades.

Early iterations of AI-based tools have been around for quite some time. However, according to researchers at Microsoft Research, the next generation of AI technologies is challenging our understanding of learning and cognition.

In 1950, British mathematician Alan Turing published a landmark paper on artificial intelligence. He famously posed the question: Can machines think? Turing envisioned his “machines” as capable of making decisions, learning through rewards and punishments, obeying commands, and exhibiting human-like thinking, writing, and memory.

Turing’s proposed test, known as the Turing Test, measured an AI system’s ability to imitate human behavior. He predicted that by 2000, an interrogator would have no more than a 70% chance of correctly identifying a machine after five minutes of questioning. While this prediction was over two decades off the mark, recent advancements like OpenAI’s GPT-4 and Google’s LaMDA have demonstrated capabilities exceeding the Turing Test. These large language models (LLMs) have sparked discussions about the need for new methods to evaluate artificial intelligence.

How is AI different from GenAI and other AI-based tools?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a broad field encompassing intelligent machines that mimic human capabilities like learning and problem-solving. Generative AI (GenAI) and other AI-based tools are all specialized subsets of AI.

AI excels at analyzing data and responding to specific prompts, while GenAI focuses on creating entirely new content. This difference is reflected in their data needs. AI requires extensive, clean data tailored to a particular task, while GenAI thrives on vast amounts of general data.

Other AI-based tools address particular use cases by using AI-enabling technologies. For instance, a meeting assistant (Fireflies) is an AI-based application specializing in natural language processing (NLP) and text-to-speech automation.

Also Read: How Lidwave Is Revolutionizing LiDAR with Scalable Single-Chip Technology

What are some of the common applications of AI?

AI is transforming various industries, impacting our daily lives in numerous ways. Here are some of the common applications of AI across different sectors:


AI personalizes recommendations and adjusts prices in real time based on demand, competitor analysis, and user behavior. This helps platforms like Flipkart and Amazon boost customer engagement and sales.

Healthcare and Medicine

  • Medical Diagnosis: AI algorithms analyze medical images and data to assist in diagnosis, disease progression prediction, and personalized treatment plans.
  • Drug Discovery and Development: AI accelerates drug discovery by analyzing vast datasets of molecules and predicting potential candidates for further research.
  • Robot-assisted Surgery: AI-powered robots assist surgeons with increased precision and minimally invasive procedures, leading to faster patient recovery.

Customer Service and Support

  • Chatbots and Virtual Assistants: AI-powered chatbots handle basic inquiries and provide 24/7 customer support, freeing human agents for complex issues. Many customer-facing startups in India have introduced AI-based chatbots, leaving human agents for situations where AI can’t help.
  • Sentiment Analysis and Feedback Management: AI tools can analyze customer feedback and reviews to identify trends and improve customer satisfaction.

Transportation And Logistics

  • Route Optimization and Traffic Management: AI algorithms optimize delivery routes and predict traffic patterns to improve logistics efficiency and reduce congestion. Several logistics startups in India now use AI-based route optimization to deliver goods faster and more efficiently.
  • Autonomous Vehicles: AI-powered self-driving cars and drones are revolutionizing transportation, aiming for safer and more efficient travel.
  • Predictive Maintenance for Vehicles: AI tools can analyze car sensor data to predict potential problems and schedule preventive maintenance, ensuring safety and reducing breakdowns. Major carmakers like BMW are already offering AI tools for predictive maintenance.

Entertainment and Media

  • Content Recommendation: Almost every streaming service uses AI algorithms to personalize movie, music, and book recommendations based on user preferences and viewing history.
  • Special Effects and Animation: AI tools are regularly used to create realistic special effects and animation in movies and video games.

What are some of the concerns regarding AI?

As AI becomes increasingly integrated into our lives, several concerns regarding its impact on society have emerged.

  • Job displacement is a major concern. AI-based automation can render human efforts redundant, as evidenced by recent job losses at Paytm due to increased reliance on AI tools.
  • Privacy is a major concern. AI systems rely heavily on personal data, raising questions about how this data is collected, stored, and used. The potential for misuse by malicious actors is also a worry, as AI tools could be exploited to steal sensitive data.
  • Lack of transparency is another concern. Complex AI algorithms are essentially a “black box,” making explaining how they arrive at certain decisions difficult. This lack of transparency can erode trust in AI and lead to unfair or biased outcomes.
  • Existential risks have also been raised by experts. They worry that advanced AI could surpass human intelligence and pose an existential threat to humanity.

What is Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)?

Imagine a machine capable of independent learning, problem-solving, and adapting to new situations – the holy grail of AI research: Artificial General Intelligence (AGI).

Unlike conventional AI, AGI envisions a broader, human-like intelligence that excels at specific tasks. This theoretical AI wouldn’t require specific instructions for each domain. Instead, it could learn and solve problems independently, just like a human. In essence, AGI aims to replicate the full breadth of human cognitive abilities, allowing machines to conquer complex tasks across various domains.

Also Read: Demystifying GenAI: A Comprehensive Guide to Essential Terms

If achieved, AGI could usher in a new era of human progress. It could accelerate medical breakthroughs, like finding cures for diseases like cancer. It could predict and prevent natural disasters and even help us navigate complex technologies like climate engineering and nanotechnology. The potential benefits of a truly intelligent machine are vast and transformative.

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